Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans
The seas and oceans provide an essential part of our wealth and well-being. To give an example: The EU's maritime regions account for around 40% of its GDP and the maritime economy for 3 to 5%. The fast growing global population will increasingly depend on marine food sources (including sustainable aquaculture). Moreover, oceans and seas offer a large unexploited potential from underexplored marine biodiversity and marine renewable energy and play a crucial role in developing transport modalities and tourism activities. The oceans and seas are also under huge pressure from human activities and climate change. The growing vulnerability of coastal areas, increasingly crowded coastal waters, the key role of the oceans in the climate and earth system as well as the continuous deterioration of the marine environment all call for a stronger focus and concerted effort on our oceans and seas.The Joint Programming Initiative Healthy and Productive Seas and Oceans (JPI Oceans) covers all European sea basins with 21 participating countries which provide a long-term integrated approach to marine and maritime research and technology development in Europe.